Law Dictionary

actus me incito factus non est meus actus

Latin maxim

• “an act done by me against my will is not my act” (United States v. Ah Chong, En Banc, G.R. No. L-5272, March 19, 1910)

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Words and Phrases

ex dolo malo non oritur actio

Latin maxim. • “The law will not aid either party to an illegal agreement; it leaves the parties where it finds them.” (Bough v. Cantiveros,

Falsus in uno, falsus in omnibus

• “false in one thing, false in everything” (Frondarina v. Malazarte, G.R. No. 148423, December 6, 2006) NB: 1) Falsus in uno, falsus in omnibus

nemo tenetur seipsum accusare

Latin maxim. • “No one is bound to accuse himself.” (Google Translate; See Villaflor v. Summers, En Banc, G.R. No. 16444, September 8, 1920) •

de minimis non curat lex

Latin maxim. • “the law does not take account of trifles” OxfordReference.com •  “the law does not govern trifles” Merriam-Webster.com

in dubio pro reo

Latin maxim. • “when in doubt, for the accused” (People v. Salcena, G.R. No. 192261, November 16, 2011)

dura lex, sed lex

Latin maxim. • “The law is hard, but that is the law.” (Dela Cruz v. CA, G.R. Nos. 120652, 11 February 1998)

expressio unius est exclusio alterius

Latin maxim. • “The expression of one thing is the exclusion of another.” (San Miguel Corporation Employees Union-Phil. Transport and General Workers Org. v. San

noscitur a sociis

Latin maxim. • “where a particular word or phrase is ambiguous in itself or is equally susceptible of various meanings, its correct construction may be

legis non est recedendum

Latin maxim. • “from the words of a statute there should be no departure” (Bolos v. Bolos, G.R. No. 186400, October 20, 2010)

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Testamentary succession

1. Wills a. CONCEPT 1) Last will and testament A will is an act whereby a person is permitted, with the formalities prescribed by law,

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Legal Maxims

index animi sermo

Latin maxim. • “speech is the index of intention” (Bolos v. Bolos, G.R. No. 186400, October 20, 2010)

ex dolo malo non oritur actio

Latin maxim. • “The law will not aid either party to an illegal agreement; it leaves the parties where it finds them.” (Bough v. Cantiveros,

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