Felonies, A3 Revised Penal Code
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Felonies, A3 Revised Penal Code

1. Concept Felonies – refer to acts or omissions that are punishable by law. a. Legal basis Article 3. Definitions. – Acts and omissions punishable by law are felonies (delitos). Felonies are committed not only by means of deceit (dolo) but also by means of fault (culpa). There is deceit when the act is performed…

Aggravating circumstances, A14 Revised Penal Code
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Aggravating circumstances, A14 Revised Penal Code

1. Concept Aggravating circumstances – refers to circumstances which increases the criminal penalties for the offense/crime committed by the accused. a. Legal basis Article 14. Aggravating circumstances. – The following are aggravating circumstances: 1. That advantage be taken by the offender of his public position. 2. That the crime be committed in contempt or with…

Insult or disrespect, A14(3) Revised Penal Code
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Insult or disrespect, A14(3) Revised Penal Code

1. Concept Insult or disrespect, as an aggravating circumstance under the Revised Penal Code – refers to the circumstance when the offender committed the crime with insult or completely disrespected the offended party on account of his/her rank, age, or sex. a. Legal basis Article 14. Aggravating circumstances. – The following are aggravating circumstances: 3….

Public position, A14(1) Revised Penal Code
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Public position, A14(1) Revised Penal Code

1. Concept Public position, as an aggravating circumstance under the Revised Penal Code – refers to the circumstance when the offender took advantage of his being a public officer or employee in the commission of the crime. a. Legal basis Article 14. Aggravating circumstances. – The following are aggravating circumstances: 1. That advantage be taken…

Civil liability, A100-113 Revised Penal Code
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Civil liability, A100-113 Revised Penal Code

1. Person civilly liable for felonies a. Civil liability of a person guilty of felony Article 100. Civil liability of a person guilty of felony. – Every person criminally liable for a felony is also civilly liable. (Revised Penal Code) b. Rules regarding civil liability in certain cases Article 101. Rules regarding civil liability in…

Extinction of criminal liabilities, A89-99 Revised Penal Code
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Extinction of criminal liabilities, A89-99 Revised Penal Code

1. Total Extinction of Criminal Liability a. How criminal liability is totally extinguished Article 89. How criminal liability is totally extinguished. – Criminal liability is totally extinguished: 1. By the death of the convict, as to the personal penalties and as to pecuniary penalties, liability therefor is extinguished only when the death of the offender…

Application of penalties re mitigating and aggravating circumstances, habitual delinquency, A62-77 Revised Penal Code
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Application of penalties re mitigating and aggravating circumstances, habitual delinquency, A62-77 Revised Penal Code

Preliminary The provisions herein are subject to common provisions. See: Common provisions re application of penalties, A73-77 Revised Penal Code 1. Application of penalties re mitigating and aggravating circumstances, habitual delinquency Mitigating or aggravating circumstances and habitual delinquency shall be taken into account for the purpose of diminishing or increasing the penalty in conformity with…