Law Dictionary

dura lex, sed lex

Latin maxim. • “The law is hard, but that is the law.” (Dela Cruz v. CA, G.R. Nos. 120652, 11 February 1998)

Disclaimer: All information is for educational and general information only. These should not be taken as professional legal advice or opinion. Please consult a competent lawyer to address your specific concerns. Any statements or opinions of the author are solely his own and do not reflect that of any organization he may be connected.

Words and Phrases

par in parem non lizabet imperium

Latin maxim. • “[a]ll states are sovereign equals and cannot assert jurisdiction over one another.” (Arigo v. Swift, En Banc, G.R. No. 206510, September 16,

noscitur a sociis

Latin maxim. • “where a particular word or phrase is ambiguous in itself or is equally susceptible of various meanings, its correct construction may be

suggestio falsi est suppressio

Latin maxim. • “suggestion of falsity is suppression” (Google Translate; See Firestone Filipinas Employees Association v. Firestone Rubber and Rubber Company of the Philippines, G.R.

legis non est recedendum

Latin maxim. • “from the words of a statute there should be no departure” (Bolos v. Bolos, G.R. No. 186400, October 20, 2010)

el deudor de mi deudor es deudor mio

Spanish maxim. • “The debtor’s debtor is my debtor.” (Google Translate; See Gold Star Mining Co., Inc. v. Lim-Jimena, En Banc, G.R. No. L-25301, October

nemo tenetur seipsum accusare

Latin maxim. • “No one is bound to accuse himself.” (Google Translate; See Villaflor v. Summers, En Banc, G.R. No. 16444, September 8, 1920) •

Top Read

Lawyer’s Oath

“I, do solemnly swear that I will maintain allegiance to the Republic of the Philippines; I will support the Constitution and obey the laws as

Video Lessons

Legal Maxims

verba legis non est recedendum

Latin maxim. • “from the words of a statute there should be no departure” (Chavez v. JBC, En Banc, G.R. No. 202242, July 17, 2012)

Suggested Answers to Bar Exam Questions

Read more


Espionage, Revised Penal Code

1. Concept Article 117. Espionage. – The penalty of prision correccional shall be inflicted upon any person who: 1. Without authority therefor, enters a warship,

You cannot copy content of this page