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favorabilia sunt amplianda adiosa restrigenda

Latin maxim.

• Penal laws which are favorable to the accused are given retroactive effect. (Ortega v. People, G.R. No. 151085, August 20, 2008, Per Nachura, J.)

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Legal terms and maxims

noscitur a sociis

Latin maxim. • “where a particular word or phrase is ambiguous in itself or is equally susceptible of various meanings, its correct construction may be made clear and specific by considering the company of words in which it is founded or with which it is associated” (Chavez v. JBC, En

actus non facit reum nisi mens sit rea

Latin maxim • “the act itself does not make man guilty unless his intention were so” (United States v. Ah Chong, En Banc, G.R. No. L-5272, March 19, 1910)

Falsus in uno, falsus in omnibus

• “false in one thing, false in everything” (Frondarina v. Malazarte, G.R. No. 148423, December 6, 2006) NB: 1) Falsus in uno, falsus in omnibus has been abandoned and is no longer applicable nor can be made use of in a case. 2) The principle FALSUS IN UNO FALSUS IN

de minimis non curat lex

Latin maxim. • “the law does not take account of trifles” •  “the law does not govern trifles”

interest reipublicae ut sit finis litium

Latin maxim. • “In the interest of society as a whole, litigation must come to an end.” (Thomas v. Trono, G.R. No. 241032, March 15, 2021) • relates to immutability of judgments: “to put an end to what would be an endless litigation. “ (Ibid.)

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