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hoc quidem per quam durum est sed ita lex scripta est

Latin maxim.

• “The law may be exceedingly hard, but so the law is written.” (People v. Palermo, En Banc, G.R. No. 120630, June 28, 2001)

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Legal terms and maxims

non bis in idem

Latin maxim. • “not twice for the same” (Tacas v. Cariaso, G.R. No. L-37406, August 31, 1976)

par in parem non habet imperium

Latin maxim. • “one State is not subject to the jurisdiction of another State.” (Arigo v. Swift, En Banc, G.R. No. 206510, September 16, 2014 [Per J.  Leonen, En Banc, Concurring Opinion], citing COUNCIL OF EUROPE – EXPLANATORY REPORT ON THE EUROPEAN CONVENTION ON STATE IMMUNITY (ETS No. 074), <>

index animi sermo

Latin maxim. • “speech is the index of intention” (Bolos v. Bolos, G.R. No. 186400, October 20, 2010)

legis non est recedendum

Latin maxim. • “from the words of a statute there should be no departure” (Bolos v. Bolos, G.R. No. 186400, October 20, 2010)

nemo tenetur seipsum accusare

Latin maxim. • “No one is bound to accuse himself.” (Google Translate; See Villaflor v. Summers, En Banc, G.R. No. 16444, September 8, 1920) • refers to the “right against self-incrimination” (People v. Duero, En Banc, G.R. No. L-52016 May 13, 1981)

nemo cum alterius detrimento locupletari potest

Latin maxim. • “No one should be allowed to enrich himself unjustly at the expense of another.” (Jenk Cent. Cas. 4; 10 Barb. [N.Y.] 626, 633, “Cyclopedic Law Dictionary,” 2nd Edition, p. 688, cited in Philippine National Bank v. CA, G.R. No. 97995m January 21, 1993)

exception firmat regulam in casibus non exceptis

Latin maxim. • “a thing not being excepted must be regarded as coming within the purview of the general rule” (South African Airways v. Commissioner of Internal Revenue, G.R. No. 180356, February 16, 2010)

nemo dat quod non habet

Latin maxim. • “Nobody can give what he does not possess.” (Heirs of Hermosilla v. Sps. Remoquillo, G.R. No. 167320, January 30, 2007) • “one cannot give what one does not have” (Magoyag v. Maruhom, G.R. No. 179743, August 2, 2010) • “No one can give more than what he

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