Law Dictionary

interpretare et concordare leges legibus est optimus interpretandi modus

Latin maxim.

• “To interpret and harmonize laws is the best method of interpretation.” (DTI v. Enriquez, En Banc, G.R. No. 225301, June 2, 2020, citing Civil Service Commission v. Court of Appeals, 696 Phil. 230, 259 [2012])

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Words and Phrases

summun jus, summa injuria

Latin maxim. • “circumstances alter cases” (Sanchez v. CA, G.R. No. 96306, August 20 1993 [Per J. Romero, Concurring Opinion])

suum jus summa injuria

Latin maxim. • “the abuse of a right is the greatest possible wrong” (Gonzales v. Philippine Commercial Bank and International Bank, G.R. No. 180257, February

pacta sunt servanda

Latin maxim. • “parties to a treaty to keep their agreement therein in good faith” (Secretary of Justice v. Lantion, En Banc, G.R. No. 139465,

in dubio pro reo

Latin maxim. • “when in doubt, for the accused” (People v. Salcena, G.R. No. 192261, November 16, 2011)

renuntiatio non praesumitur

Latin maxim. • “A waiver of rights is not presumed.” (ACD Investigation Security Agency, Inc. v. Daquera, G.R. No. 147473, March 30, 2004, cited in

par in parem non lizabet imperium

Latin maxim. • “[a]ll states are sovereign equals and cannot assert jurisdiction over one another.” (Arigo v. Swift, En Banc, G.R. No. 206510, September 16,

delegatus non potest delegare

Latin maxim. • “that a delegated power may not be further delegated by the person to whom such power is delegated, and that in all

par in parem non habet imperium

Latin maxim. • “one State is not subject to the jurisdiction of another State.” (Arigo v. Swift, En Banc, G.R. No. 206510, September 16, 2014

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salus populi est suprema lex

Latin maxim. • “the welfare of the people is the supreme law” (Southern Luzon Drug Corporation v. DSWD, En Banc, G.R. No. 199669, April 25,

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