de minimis non curat lex

Latin maxim. • “the law does not take account of trifles” •  “the law does not govern trifles”

delegatus non potest delegare

Latin maxim. • “that a delegated power may not be further delegated by the person to whom such power is delegated, and that in all

distingue tempora et concordabis jura

Latin maxim. • “Distinguish times and you will harmonize laws.” (Commissioner of Customs v. Superior Gas and Equipment Co., En Banc, G.R. No. L-14115, May

dura lex, sed lex

Latin maxim. • “The law is hard, but that is the law.” (Dela Cruz v. CA, G.R. Nos. 120652, 11 February 1998)

el deudor de mi deudor es deudor mio

Spanish maxim. • “The debtor’s debtor is my debtor.” (Google Translate; See Gold Star Mining Co., Inc. v. Lim-Jimena, En Banc, G.R. No. L-25301, October

ex dolo malo non oritur actio

Latin maxim. • “The law will not aid either party to an illegal agreement; it leaves the parties where it finds them.” (Bough v. Cantiveros,

expressio unius est exclusio alterius

Latin maxim. • “The expression of one thing is the exclusion of another.” (San Miguel Corporation Employees Union-Phil. Transport and General Workers Org. v. San

Falsus in uno, falsus in omnibus

• “false in one thing, false in everything” (Frondarina v. Malazarte, G.R. No. 148423, December 6, 2006) NB: 1) Falsus in uno, falsus in omnibus

in dubio pro reo

Latin maxim. • “when in doubt, for the accused” (People v. Salcena, G.R. No. 192261, November 16, 2011)

index animi sermo

Latin maxim. • “speech is the index of intention” (Bolos v. Bolos, G.R. No. 186400, October 20, 2010)

legis non est recedendum

Latin maxim. • “from the words of a statute there should be no departure” (Bolos v. Bolos, G.R. No. 186400, October 20, 2010)

lex prospicit, non respicit

• “the law looks forward not backward” (Co v. CA, En Banc, G.R. No. 100776, October 28, 1993, citing Development Bank of the Philippines v.

nemo dat quod non habet

Latin maxim. • “Nobody can give what he does not possess.” (Heirs of Hermosilla v. Sps. Remoquillo, G.R. No. 167320, January 30, 2007) • “one

nemo tenetur seipsum accusare

Latin maxim. • “No one is bound to accuse himself.” (Google Translate; See Villaflor v. Summers, En Banc, G.R. No. 16444, September 8, 1920) •

non bis in idem

Latin maxim. • “not twice for the same” (Tacas v. Cariaso, G.R. No. L-37406, August 31, 1976)

noscitur a sociis

Latin maxim. • “where a particular word or phrase is ambiguous in itself or is equally susceptible of various meanings, its correct construction may be

nullum crimen, nulla poena sige lege

Latin maxim. • “that there can exist no punishable act except those previously and specifically provided for by penal statute” (Corpuz v. People, En Banc,

pacta sunt servanda

Latin maxim. • “parties to a treaty to keep their agreement therein in good faith” (Secretary of Justice v. Lantion, En Banc, G.R. No. 139465,

par in parem non habet imperium

Latin maxim. • “one State is not subject to the jurisdiction of another State.” (Arigo v. Swift, En Banc, G.R. No. 206510, September 16, 2014

par in parem non lizabet imperium

Latin maxim. • “[a]ll states are sovereign equals and cannot assert jurisdiction over one another.” (Arigo v. Swift, En Banc, G.R. No. 206510, September 16,

renuntiatio non praesumitur

Latin maxim. • “A waiver of rights is not presumed.” (ACD Investigation Security Agency, Inc. v. Daquera, G.R. No. 147473, March 30, 2004, cited in

salus populi est suprema lex

Latin maxim. • “the welfare of the people is the supreme law” (Southern Luzon Drug Corporation v. DSWD, En Banc, G.R. No. 199669, April 25,

stare decisis et non quieta movere

Latin maxim. • “to adhere to precedents and not to unsettle things which are established” (Lazatin v. Desierto, G.R. No. 147097, June 5, 2009)

suggestio falsi est suppressio

Latin maxim. • “suggestion of falsity is suppression” (Google Translate; See Firestone Filipinas Employees Association v. Firestone Rubber and Rubber Company of the Philippines, G.R.

summun jus, summa injuria

Latin maxim. • “circumstances alter cases” (Sanchez v. CA, G.R. No. 96306, August 20 1993 [Per J. Romero, Concurring Opinion])

suum jus summa injuria

Latin maxim. • “the abuse of a right is the greatest possible wrong” (Gonzales v. Philippine Commercial Bank and International Bank, G.R. No. 180257, February

verba legis non est recedendum

Latin maxim. • “from the words of a statute there should be no departure” (Chavez v. JBC, En Banc, G.R. No. 202242, July 17, 2012)

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