|

Opening of closed documents, Revised Penal Code

1. Concept

Article 228. Any public officer not included in the provisions of the next preceding article who, without proper authority, shall open or shall permit to be opened any closed papers, documents or objects entrusted to his custody, shall suffer the penalties or arresto mayor, temporary special disqualification and a fine of not exceeding 2,000 pesos. (Act No. 3815, Revised Penal Code)

a. Public officer

“Public officer” –refers to any person who, by direct provision of the law, popular election or appointment by competent authority, shall take part in the performance of public functions in the Government of the Philippine Islands, of shall perform in said Government or in any of its branches public duties as an employee, agent or subordinate official, of any rank or class, for purposes of Titles 1 to 6, Book 2 of the Revised Penal Code. (Article 203, Act No. 3815, Revised Penal Code)

2. Mode of commission

Elements of the offense:

1) The offender is a public officer not included in the provisions of the next preceding article;

2) He opens or permits to be opened any closed papers, documents or objects entrusted to his custody; and

3) He performs such acts without proper authority.

References

⦁ Title 7 – Crimes Committed by Public Officers, Book 2, Revised Penal Code

/Updated: December 30, 2022
...

 



Already a subscriber? Log in below. Not yet a member? Subscribe.

 

Similar Posts