Law Dictionary

Question XIV, Civil Law, 2018 Bar Exam

Notice: The following suggested answers simulate those that a bar examinee may provide as an answer to a bar exam question. Thus, specific citations (i.e., republic acts, articles/sections, jurisprudence, etc.) are not provided because it is not required in the bar exam. For purposes other than answering the bar exam, please be reminded that proper referencing or legal citation is required.

Question XIV, Civil Law, 2018 Bar Exam

Socorro is the registered owner of Lot A while Segunda is the registered owner of the adjoining Lot B. Lot A is located at an elevated plateau of about 15 feet above the level of Lot B. Since Socorro was allegedly removing portions of the land and cement that supported the adjoining property, Segunda caused the annotation of an adverse claim against 50 sq. m. on Lot A’s Transfer Certificate of Title, asserting the existence of a legal easement.

(a) Does a legal easement in fact exist? If so, what kind? (2.5%)

(b) If a legal easement does in fact exist, is an annotation of an adverse claim on the title of the servient estate proper? (2.5%)

Suggested Answer:

(a) Yes. Answer

Under the Civil Code, no proprietor shall make such excavations upon his land as to deprive any adjacent land or building of sufficient lateral or subjacent support. Accordingly, there exists a legal easement for lateral and subjacent support. Rule

In the case at bar, Segunda’s property Lot B supported the adjoining property of Socorro Lot A. This created a legal easement for lateral and subjacent support on Lot B in favor of Lot A. Apply

Thus, a legal easement for lateral and subjacent support in fact exists. Conclusion

(b) No. Answer

Under jurisprudence, an annotation of the existence of the subjacent and lateral support is no longer necessary. It exists whether or not it is annotated or registered in the registry of property. Rule

In the case at bar, the fact that Lot A is supporting Lot B is sufficient for the existence of the legal easement. The law itself creates the easement. No annotation is necessary. Apply

Thus, an annotation of adverse claim on the title of the servient estate is not proper. Conclusion

Disclaimer: All information is for educational and general information only. These should not be taken as professional legal advice or opinion. Please consult a competent lawyer to address your specific concerns. Any statements or opinions of the author are solely his own and do not reflect that of any organization he may be connected.

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