Article 234. The penalty of arresto mayor or a fine not exceeding 1,000 pesos, or both, shall be imposed upon any person who, having been elected by popular election to a public office, shall refuse without legal motive to be sworn in or to discharge the duties of said office. (Act No. 3815, Revised Penal Code)
a. Public officer
“Public officer” –refers to any person who, by direct provision of the law, popular election or appointment by competent authority, shall take part in the performance of public functions in the Government of the Philippine Islands, of shall perform in said Government or in any of its branches public duties as an employee, agent or subordinate official, of any rank or class, for purposes of Titles 1 to 6, Book 2 of the Revised Penal Code. (Article 203, Act No. 3815, Revised Penal Code)
2. Mode of commission
Elements of the offense:
1) The offender has been elected by popular election to a public office; and
2) He refuses without legal motive to be sworn in or to discharge the duties of said office.
⦁ Title 7 – Crimes Committed by Public Officers, Book 2, Revised Penal Code
/Updated: December 30, 2022
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