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Altering boundaries or landmarks, A313 Revised Penal Code

Altering boundaries or landmarks – refers to the offense of altering boundary marks or monuments of towns, provinces, or estates, or any other marks intended to designate the boundaries thereof.

1. Concept

Altering boundaries or landmarks – refers to the offense of altering boundary marks or monuments of towns, provinces, or estates, or any other marks intended to designate the boundaries thereof.

a. Legal basis

Art. 313. Altering boundaries or landmarks. - Any person who shall alter the boundary marks or monuments of towns, provinces, or estates, or any other marks intended to designate the boundaries of the same, shall be punished by arresto menor or a fine not exceeding Twenty thousand pesos (P20,000), or both. (As amended by R.A. 10951)

(Revised Penal Code)

2. Modes of commission

The following are the modes of committing the offense:

1) To alter boundary marks or monuments of towns, provinces, or estates, or any other marks intended to designate the boundaries thereof

a. Mode 1: Lorem

Elements of the offense:

1) That there are boundary marks or monuments of towns, provinces, or estates, or any other marks intended to designate the boundaries thereof; and

2) That the offender alters said boundary marks or monuments of towns, provinces, or estates, or any other marks intended to designate the boundaries thereof. (REVISED PENAL CODE, Article 313)

1) Element 1: Boundary marks or monuments

The boundary marks or monuments referred to i...

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