Appointments to the judiciary, Constitutional Law

1. Concept

a. Constitutional and statutory qualifications

In general. A Member of the Judiciary must be a person of proven competence, integrity, probity, and independence. (Section 7[3], Article VIII, 1987 Constitution)

Constitutional Qualifications: Supreme CourtNo person shall be appointed Member of the Supreme Court unless he is:1) A natural-born citizen of the Philippines;2) At least forty years of age; and3) Must have been for fifteen (15) years or more a judge of a lower court or engaged in the practice of law in the Philippines. (Section 7[1], Article VIII, Ibid.)

Constitutional Qualifications: Lower collegiate courtsNo person shall be appointed Member of the Supreme Court or any lower collegiate court unless he is a natural-born citizen of the Philippines. (Section 7[1], Article VIII, Ibid.)

Constitutional Qualifications: Lower courtsThe Congress shall prescribe the qualifications of judges of lower courts, but no person may be appointed judge thereof unless he is:1) A citizen of the Philippines; and2) A member of the Philippine Bar. (Section 7[2], Article VIII, Ibid.)

Statutory Qualifications: Regional Trial CourtsNo person shall be appointed Regional Trial Judge or Regional Trial Judge-at-Large unless that person is:1) A natural-born citizen of the Philippines;2) At least thirty-five (35) years of age; and3) Has been engaged in the practice of law in the Philippines or has held a public office in the Philippines requiring admission to the practic...

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