Constitution: Ordinary meaning over technical terms, Statutory Construction

“[I]t is a well-settled principle of constitutional construction that the language employed in the Constitution must be given their ordinary meaning except where technical terms are employed. As much as possible, the words of the Constitution should be understood in the sense they have in common use. What it says according to the text of the provision to be construed compels acceptance and negates the power of the courts to alter it, based on the postulate that the framers and the people mean what they say. Verba legis non est recedendum – from the words of a statute there should be no departure.”  (Chavez v. Judicial and Bar Council, En Banc, G.R. No. 202242, July 17, 2012, Per Mendoza, J.)

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