Crimes against the civil status of persons, Revised Penal Code

Crimes against civil status – refer to those crimes that illegally change, alter, or modify an individual’s civil status.

1. Concept

Crimes against civil status – refer to those crimes that illegally change, alter, or modify an individual’s civil status.

2. Crimes against civil status

a. Simulation of birth

Simulation birth – refers to the act of deceptively making it appear that the parents of a newly born child are persons other than the biological parents.

For more information, see: Simulation of birth

b. Substitution of one child for another

Substitution of a child from another – refers to the act of interchanging a child with another such that they are no longer with their biological parents.

For more information, see: Substitution of one child for another

c. Concealment or abandonment of a legitimate child

Concealment or abandonment of child for purposes of losing civil status – refers to the act of leaving newly-born children or infants in front of various places such as hospitals or religious institutions, resulting on the children being foundlings whose family and lineage is unknown.

For more information, see: Concealment or abandonment of a legitimate child

d. Usurpation of civil status

Usurpation of civil status – refers to the act of a person taking on the civil status of another for purposes of defrauding other people, a.k.a. identity fraud.

For more information, see: Usurpation of civil status

e. Bigamy

Bigamy – refers to contracting a second/subsequent marriage despite the first/prior marriage is still subsisting.

For more information, see: Bigamy

f. Marriage contracted against provisions of laws (Illegal marriages)

Illegal marriages – refer to the offense of knowing contracting a marriage knowing of defects in the marriage.

For more information, see: Illegal marriages

g. Performance of illegal marriage ceremony

Performance of illegal marriage ceremony – refers to the act of solemnizing an illegal marriage.

For more information, see: Performance of illegal marriage ceremony

/Updated: May 13, 2023

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