FAQ: RA 9048, Change of Name, etc.

What is RA 9048?

Republic Act No. 9049 (henceforth, “RA 9048”) is a law which allowed the changing of entries in the civil registry without the need for a judicial order: Provided, That it is limited to “clerical or typographical errors and change of first name or nickname, the day and month in the date of birth or sex of a person where it is patently clear that there was a clerical or typographical error or mistake in the entry, which can be corrected or changed by the concerned city or municipal civil registrar or consul general in accordance with the provisions of [RA 9048] and its implementing rules and regulations.” (Republic Act No. 9048, Section 1)


1) The “First name” – “refers to a name or nickname given to a person which may consist of one or more names in addition to the middle and last names.” (Ibid, Section 2[6])

2) The “City or Municipal civil registrar” – “refers to the head of the local civil registry office of the city or municipality, as the case may be, who is appointed as such by the city or municipal mayor in accordance with the provisions of existing laws.” (Ibid, Section 2[1])

What are considered clerical or typographical error?

Clerical or typographical error – refers to “a mistake committed in the performance of clerical work in writing, copying, transcribing or typing an entry in the civil register that is harmless and innocuous, such as misspelled name or misspelled place of birth, mistake in the entry of day and month in the d...

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