Grave coercions, Revised Penal Code

1. Concept and legal basis

Art. 286. Grave coercions. – The penalty of prisión correccional and a fine not exceeding One hundred thousand pesos (₱100,000) shall be imposed upon any person who, without any authority of law, shall, by means of violence, threats, or intimidation, prevent another from doing something not prohibited by law, or compel him to do something against his will, whether it be right or wrong.
If the coercion be committed in violation of the exercise of the right of suffrage, or for the purpose of compelling another to perform any religious act, or to prevent him from exercising such right or from so doing such act, the penalty next higher in degree shall be imposed. (Act 3815, Revised Penal Code, as amended by R.A. 10951)

2. Elements of the offense

Elements of the offense:

1) The offender: (a) prevents another from doing something not prohibited by law; or (b) compel him to do something against his will, whether it be right or wrong;

2) He commits suc acts by means of violence,  threats or intimidation; and,

3)  He is without authority of law. (Article 286, Act No. 3815, Revised Penal Code)


Title 9 – Crimes Against Personal Liberty, Book 2, Revised Penal Code

/Updated: January 18, 2023

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