Houses of Congress, Constitutional Law

Preliminary

The legislative power shall be vested in the Congress of the Philippines which shall consist of a:

1) a Senate; and

2) a House of Representatives

… except to the extent reserved to the people by the provision on initiative and referendum. (Section 1, Article VI, 1987 Constitution)

1. Senate

a. 24 Senators

The Senate shall be composed of twenty-four (24) Senators who shall be elected at large by the qualified voters of the Philippines, as may be provided by law. (Section 2, Article VI, Ibid.)f

b. Qualifications of a Senator

No person shall be a Senator unless:

1) S/he is a natural-born citizen of the Philippines;

2) At least thirty-five (35) years of age, on the day of the election;

3) Able to read and write;

4) A registered voter; and

5) A resident of the Philippines for not less than two (2) years immediately preceding the day of the election. (Section 3, Article VI, Ibid.)

NATURAL-BORN; REPATRIATION: Repatriation results in the recovery of the original nationality. This means that a naturalized Filipino who lost his citizenship will be restored to his prior status as a naturalized Filipino citizen. On the other hand, if he was originally a natural-born citizen before he lost his Philippine citizenship, he will be restored to his former status as a natural-born Filipino. (Bengson III v. HRET, En Banc, G.R. No. 142840, 07 May 2001)

RESIDENCE: For election law purposes, residence is used synonymously with domicile. (...

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