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Penalty for multiple offenses, C6S40 CPRA

Section 40, Canon VI

SECTION 40. Penalty for multiple offenses. – If the respondent is found liable for more than one (1) offense arising from separate acts or omissions in a single administrative proceeding, the Court shall impose separate penalties for each offense. Should the aggregate of the imposed penalties exceed five (5) years of suspension from the practice of law or Pl,000,000.00 in fines, the respondent may, in the discretion of the Supreme Court, be meted with the penalty of disbarment.
If a single act or omission gives rise to more than one (1) offense, the respondent shall still be found liable for all such offenses, but shall, nonetheless, only be meted with the appropriate penalty for the most serious offense. (2023 Code of Professional Responsibility and Accountability or CPRA)

1. Penalty for multiple offenses

a. Separate penalty for each offense

Where a respondent is found liable for multiple offenses “arising from separate acts or omissions in a single administrative proceeding,” separate penalties will be imposed for each offense.

b. Disbarment

Disbarment may be meted as penalty should:

1) The aggregate of the imposed penalties exceed 5 years of suspension from the practice of law; or

2) Pl,000,000.00 in fines.

c. Multiple offenses from single act or omission

Where multiple offenses results from a single act or omission, liability attaches for all offenses. Notwithstanding, the respondent will be “meted with the appropriate penalty for the most serious offense.”

References

Canon VI, 2023 Code of Professional Responsibility

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