Question B.16, Political Law, 2019 Bar Exam

Under the 1987 Constitution, to whom does each duty/power/privilege/prohibition/disqualification apply:

(a) The authority to keep the general accounts of the Government and for such period provided by law, preserve the vouchers and other supporting documents pertaining thereto. (1%)

(b) The power to allow small-scale utilization of natural resources by Filipino citizens, as well as cooperative fish farming, with priority to subsistence fishermen and fishworkers in rivers, lakes, bays, and lagoons. (1%)

(c) The authority to provide for the standardization of compensation of government officials and employees. (1%)

(d) The sole power to declare the existence of state of war. (1%)

(e) The power to ratify treaties and international agreements. (1%)

Suggested Answer:

(a) The Commission on Audit (COA)

(b) The Congress

(c) The Congress

(d) The Congress, by a vote of two-thirds of both Houses in joint session assembled, voting separately

(e) The President subject to the concurrence of the Senate

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