Quorum and voting majorities in Congress, Constitutional Law

1. Sessions

REGULAR SESSIONS: The Congress shall convene once every year on the fourth Monday of July for its regular session, unless a different date is fixed by law, and shall continue to be in session for such number of days as it may determine until thirty (30) days before the opening of its next regular session, exclusive of Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays. (Section 15, Article VI, Ibid.)

SPECIAL SESSIONS: When special sessions may be called:

1) The President may call a special session at any time. (Section 15, Article VI, Ibid.)

2) Congress may call a special election in case of vacancies of the Office of the President and Vice-President. (Section 10, Article VII, Ibid.)

3) Congress may convene and by a 2/3 vote of both houses, voting separately, determine whether the President is able to discharge the powers and duties of his office. (Paragraph 4, Section 11, Article VII, Ibid.)

4) If not in session, Congress shall, within twenty-four hours following the proclamation of Martial Law or suspension of writ of habeas corpus, convene to vote, voting jointly, whether to revoke or extend the same. (Section 18, Article VII, Ibid.)

COVERAGE: In a special session, the Congress may "consider general legislation or only such as he (President) may designate." (Section 9, Article VI of the Constitution.) In a regular session, the power Congress to legislate is not circumscribed except by the limitations imposed by the organic law.

a. Quorum

A major...


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