The application of the Revised Penal Code – refers to its to the scope and extent of its enforceability, whether inside or outside of the Philippines.
a. Legal basis
Article 2. Application of its provisions. - Except as provided in the treaties and laws of preferential application, the provisions of this Code shall be enforced not only within the Philippine Archipelago, including its atmosphere, its interior waters and maritime zone, but also outside of its jurisdiction, against those who:
1. Should commit an offense while on a Philippine ship or airship
2. Should forge or counterfeit any coin or currency note of the Philippine Islands or obligations and securities issued by the Government of the Philippine Islands;
3. Should be liable for acts connected with the introduction into these islands of the obligations and securities mentioned in the presiding number;
4. While being public officers or employees, should commit an offense in the exercise of their functions; or
5. Should commit any of the crimes against national security and the law of nations, defined in Title One of Book Two of this Code.
(Revised Penal Code)
2. Extra-territorial application of the Revised Penal Code
Generally, laws operate only within a jurisdiction in line with a country’s sovereignty. Thus, the Philippines cannot pass legislation that would operate outside of it its territorial borders, particularly if it would mean affecting another country sovereignt...
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