RPC Effectivity, A1 Revised Penal Code

1. Concept

Act No. 3815 or the Revised Penal Code took effect on January 1, 1932.

a. Legal basis

Article 1. Time when Act takes effect. – This Code shall take effect on the first day of January, nineteen hundred and thirty-two.

(Revised Penal Code)

While the Revised Penal Code took effect on January 1, 1932, it was enacted on December 8, 1930 and signed the same day.

2. History

The following is a history of the Revised Penal Code.

a. Precursor: Spanish 1870 Spanish Código Penal

Prior to the Revised Penal Code, the penal law then in force in the Philippines was the 1870 Spanish Código Penal as the country was then a former colony of the Spanish Empire.

3. Parts

The Revised Penal Code is divided into two (2) Books, namely:

1) Book One; and

2) Book Two.

a. Book One

Book One provides for introduction or preliminary provisions, as well as a general framework on felonies and criminal liability, who are considered offenders, how penalties are imposed, how criminal liability and civil liability are extinguished, and how civil liability may arise from a crime or offense.

1) 5 Titles

Book One of the Revised Penal Code is divided into five Titles, namely:

Title One: Felonies and criminal liability

• Chapter One: Felonies

• Chapter Two: Justifying Circumstances and Circumstances which Exempt from Criminal Liability

• Chapter Three: Circumstance which Mitigate Criminal Liability

• Chapter Four: Circumstance which Aggravate Criminal Liability

• Chapter Five: Alternative Circumstances

Title Two: Persons criminally liable

Title Three: Penalties

• Chapter One: Penalties in general

• Chapter Two: Classification of penalties

• Chapter Three: Duration and effects of penalties

• Chapter Four: Application of Penalties

• Chapter Five: Execution and Service of Penalties

Title Four: Extinction of criminal liability and civil liability

• Chapter One: Total Extinction of Criminal Liability

• Chapter Two: Partial Extinction of Criminal Liability

Title Five: Civil liability

• Chapter One: Person Civilly Liable for Felonies

• Chapter Two: What Civil Liability Includes

• Chapter Three: Extinction and Survival of Civil Liability

b. Book Two

Book Two lists the crimes and offenses, their definition, and accompanying penalties.

1) 15 Titles

Book Two of the Revised Penal Code is divided into fifteen Titles, namely:

Title One: Crimes against national security and the law of nations

Title Two: Crimes against the fundamental laws of the state

Title Three: Crimes against public order

Title Four: Crimes against public interest

Title Five: Crimes relative to opium and other prohibited drugs

Title Six: Crimes against public morals

Title Seven: Crimes committed by public officers

Title Eight: Crimes against persons

Title Nine: Crimes against personal liberty and security

Title Nine: Crimes against personal liberty and security

Title Ten: Crimes against property

Title Eleven: Crimes against chastity

Title Twelve: Crimes against civil status of persons

Title Thirteen: Crimes against honor

Title Fourteen: Quasi-offenses (criminal negligence)

Title Fifteen: Final provisions


Preliminary Provisions, Book I, Act No. 3815, Revised Penal Code

/Updated: September 20, 2023

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