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Safe environment, avoid all forms of abuse or harassment, C2S3 CPRA

Section 3, Canon II

SECTION 3. Safe environment; avoid all forms of abuse or harassment. – A lawyer shall not create or promote an unsafe or hostile environment, both in private and public settings, whether online, in workplaces, educational or training institutions, or in recreational areas.
To this end, a lawyer shall not commit any form of physical, sexual, psychological, or economic abuse or violence against another person. A lawyer is also prohibited from engaging in any gender-based harassment or discrimination. (2023 Code of Professional Responsibility and Accountability or CPRA)

1. Safe environment; avoid all forms of abuse or harassment

a. No creating or promoting unsafe or hostile environment

Lawyers should not create or promote an unsafe or hostile environment, both in private and public settings, whether:

1) Online,

2) In workplaces,

3) Educational or training institutions, or

4) In recreational areas.

With the above in mind, lawyers are prohibited from committing any form of abuse or violence, whether physical, sexual, psychological, or economic against another person.

1) Online

Online – refers to digital spaces on the Internet, whether via videoconferencing, social media posts, and other digital content made accessible on the net.

Lawyers should be responsible in the use of the Internet, particularly with social media platforms. They should not engage in disinformation, hostile tirades, and similar conduct.

2) In workplaces

Workplaces – include places where work is usually done, such as regular places of work – e.g., law firms, corporate offices, work plant/factory, or any other establishment, as well as those which may be temporary such as stalls or booths.

Lawyers should avoid creating or promoting unsafe or hostile environment. Otherwise, this could lead various problems, such as sexual harassment, issues on occupational safety, and analogous therewith.

3) Educational or training institutions

Educational or training institutions – refer to places of learning, whether education is delivered in-person and/or online.

Lawyers who teach in education or training institutions should avoid creating or promoting unsafe or hostile environment. This includes humiliating or embarrassing students, participants, or attendees.

Under this section, law professors and/or instructors should avoid creating unsafe or hostile environments in courses and/or classes where they teach, whether involving law students or students. The classroom should be a safe space for learning.

4) In recreational areas

Recreational areas – include those that are utilized for entertainment or recreation, such as hotels and resorts, swimming pools, sauna, bar, and so on.

See related:

• Safe Spaces Act: Explainer

b. No gender-based harassment or discrimination

Gender-based harassment or discrimination – refer to harassment or discrimination centered or based on a person’s gender, gender identity, or gender expression.

See related:

• Safe Spaces Act: Explainer

References

Canon II, 2023 Code of Professional Responsibility

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