Statutes: Prospective operation, Statutory Construction

“[A]ll statutes are to be construed as having only a prospective operation unless the purpose and intention of the Legislature to give them a retrospective effect is expressly declared or is necessarily implied from the language used. In every case of doubt, the doubt must be solved against the retrospective effect.” (De Montilla v. La Corporacion de PP. Agustino Calzados de la Provincia del Santisimo Nombre de Jesus de Filipinas, En Banc, G.R. No. L-8404, January 29, 1913, Per Moreland, J.)

“[A] statute operates prospectively only and never retroactively, unless the legislative intent to the contrary is made manifest either by the express terms of the statute or by necessary implication.” (Segovia v. Noel, En Banc, G.R. No. L-23226, March 4, 1925, Per Malcolm, J.)

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