Supreme Court – composition and powers, Constitutional Law

1. Composition

1 Chief Justice and 14 Associate Justice. The Supreme Court shall be composed of a Chief Justice and fourteen (14) Associate Justices. It may sit en banc or in its discretion, in divisions of three, five, or seven Members. Any vacancy shall be filled within ninety days from the occurrence thereof. (Section 4[1], Article VIII, 1987 Constitution)

Salaries. The salary of the Chief Justice and of the Associate Justices of the Supreme Court, and of judges of lower courts shall be fixed by law. During their continuance in office, their salary shall not be decreased. (Section 10, Article VIII, Ibid.)

Promulgate rules of procedure. The Supreme Court, under its sole prerogative and authority over all matters of procedure, deems it proper to declare as ineffective the prohibition against courts other than the Supreme Court from issuing provisional injunctive writs to enjoin investigations conducted by the Office of the Ombudsman, until it is adopted as part of the rules of procedure through an administrative circular duly issued therefor. (Carpio-Morales v. CA, En Banc, G.R. No. 217126-27, 10 November 2015)

2. Powers and functions

Supreme Court’s Powers and Functions:1) Exercise original jurisdiction over cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, and over petitions for certiorari, prohibition, mandamus, quo warranto, and habeas corpus.2) Review, revise, reverse, modify, or affirm on appeal or certiorari, as the law or the Rules of C...


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