Tumults and other disturbance of public orders; Tumultuous disturbance or interruption liable to cause disturbance, Revised Penal Code

1. Concept

Art. 153. Tumults and other disturbances of public order; Tumultuous disturbance or interruption liable to cause disturbance – The penalty of arresto mayor in its medium period to prisión correccional in its minimum period and a fine not exceeding Two hundred thousand pesos (₱200,000) shall be imposed upon any person who shall cause any serious disturbance in a public place, office, or establishment, or shall interrupt or disturb public performances, functions or gatherings, or peaceful meetings, if the act is not included in the provisions of Article 131 and 132.
The penalty next higher in degree shall be imposed upon persons causing any disturbance or interruption of a tumultuous character.
The disturbance or interruption shall be deemed to be tumultuous if caused by more three (3) persons who are armed or provided with means of violence.
The penalty of arresto mayor shall be imposed upon any person who in any meeting, association, or public place, shall make any outcry tending to incite rebellion or sedition or in such place shall display placards or emblems which provoke a disturbance of the public order.
The penalty of arresto mayor and a fine not to exceed Forty thousand pesos (₱40,000) shall be imposed upon these person who in violation of the provisions contained in the last clause of Article 85, shall bury with pomp the body of a person who has been legally executed. (Act No. 3815, Revised Penal Code)

2. Mode of commission

4 modes of committing the offense:

1) By causing any serious disturbance in a public place, office, or establishment, or shall interrupt or disturb public performances, functions or gatherings, or peaceful meetings – and such acts are not included in the provisions of Articles 131 and 132;

2) By causing any serious disturbance in a public place, office, or establishment, or shall interrupt or disturb public performances, functions or gatherings, or peaceful meetings – of a tumultuous character – and such acts are not included in the provisions of Articles 131 and 132;

3) By making any outcry tending to incite rebellion or sedition or in such place shall display placards or emblems which provoke a disturbance of the public order, in any meeting, association, or public place;

4) By burying with pomp the body of a person who has been legally executed – and such acts are in violation of the provisions contained in the last clause of Article 85 of the Revised Penal Code.

a. By causing any serious disturbance in a public place, office, or establishment, etc.

Elements of the offense:

1) The offender causes any serious disturbance in a public place, office, or establishment, or shall interrupt or disturb public performances, functions or gatherings, or peaceful meetings; and,

2) Such acts are not included in the provisions of Articles 131 and 132.

b. By causing any serious disturbance in a public place, office, or establishment, etc.– of a tumultuous character

Elements of the offense:

1) The offender causes any serious disturbance in a public place, office, or establishment, or shall interrupt or disturb public performances, functions or gatherings, or peaceful meetings – of a tumultuous character; and

2) Such acts are not included in the provisions of Articles 131 and 132.

The disturbance or interruption shall be deemed to be tumultuous if caused by more than three persons who are armed or provided with means of violence. (Paragraph 3, Article 153, Ibid.)

c. By making any outcry tending to incite rebellion or sedition or in such place shall display placards or emblems which provoke a disturbance of the public order

Elements of the offense:

1) The offender is in any meeting, association, or public place; and

2) The offender makes any outcry tending to incite rebellion or sedition or in such place shall display placards or emblems which provoke a disturbance of the public order.

d. By burying with pomp the body of a person who has been legally executed

Elements of the offense:

1) The offender buries with pomp the body of a person who has been legally executed; and

2) Such acts are in violation of the provisions contained in the last clause of Article 85 of the Revised Penal Code.

References

Title 3 – Crimes Against Public Order, Book 2, Revised Penal Code

Disclaimer: All information is for educational and general information only. These should not be taken as professional legal advice or opinion. Please consult a competent lawyer to address your specific concerns. Any statements or opinions of the author are solely his own and do not reflect that of any organization he may be connected.

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