Anti-Child Pornography Act of 2009, RA 9775: Explainer

“Child” – refers to a person below eighteen (18) years of age or over, but is unable to fully take care of himself/herself from abuse, neglect, cruelty, exploitation or discrimination because of a physical or mental disability or condition. (Section 3[a], R.A. No. 9775, Anti-Child Pornography Act of 2009)

A child shall also refer to:

1) A person regardless of age who is presented, depicted or portrayed as a child as defined herein; and,

2) Computer-generated, digitally or manually crafted images or graphics of a person who is represented or who is made to appear to be a child as defined herein. (Paragraph 2, Section 3, Ibid.)

“Child pornography” – refers to any representation, whether visual, audio, or written combination thereof, by electronic, mechanical, digital, optical, magnetic or any other means, of child engaged or involved in real or simulated explicit sexual activities. (Section 3[b], Ibid.)

“Explicit Sexual Activity” – includes actual or simulated:

1) As to form: (a) sexual intercourse or lascivious act including, but not limited to, contact involving genital to genital, oral to genital, anal to genital, or oral to anal, whether between persons of the same or opposite sex;

2) Bestiality;

3) Masturbation;

4) Sadistic or masochistic abuse;

5) Lascivious exhibition of the genitals, buttocks, breasts, pubic area and/or anus; or,

6) Use of any object or instrument for lascivious acts. (Section 3[c], Ibid.)

1. Unlawful or prohibited acts

It shall be unlawful for any person:

1) To hire, employ, use, persuade, induce or coerce a child to perform in the creation or production of any form of child pornography;

2) To produce, direct, manufacture or create any form of child pornography;

3) To publish offer, transmit, sell, distribute, broadcast, advertise, promote, export or import any form of child pornography;

4) To possess any form of child pornography with the intent to sell, distribute, publish, or broadcast: Provided. That possession of three (3) or more articles of child pornography of the same form shall be prima facie evidence of the intent to sell, distribute, publish or broadcast;

5) To knowingly, willfully and intentionally provide a venue for the commission of prohibited acts as, but not limited to, dens, private rooms, cubicles, cinemas, houses or in establishments purporting to be a legitimate business;

6) For film distributors, theaters and telecommunication companies, by themselves or in cooperation with other entities, to distribute any form of child pornography;

7) For a parent, legal guardian or person having custody or control of a child to knowingly permit the child to engage, participate or assist in any form of child pornography;

8) To engage in the luring or grooming of a child;

9) To engage in pandering of any form of child pornography;

10) To willfully access any form of child pornography;

11) To conspire to commit any of the prohibited acts stated in this section. Conspiracy to commit any form of child pornography shall be committed when two (2) or more persons come to an agreement concerning the commission of any of the said prohibited acts and decide to commit it; and,

12) To possess any form of child pornography. (Section 4, Ibid.)

Syndicated child pornography: The crime of child pornography is deemed committed by a syndicate if carried out by a group of three (3) or more persons conspiring or confederating with one another and shall be punished under Section 15(a) of this Act. (Section 5, Ibid.)

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