Swindling by Syndicate

1. Crime Swindling by a syndicate: Swindling (estafa) by syndicate is committed by a syndicate consisting of five or more persons formed with the intention of carrying out the unlawful or illegal act, transaction, enterprise or scheme, and the defraudation results in the misappropriation of money contributed by stockholders, or members of rural banks, cooperative, […]

Special Protection of Children Against Abuse, Exploitation, and Discrimination Act

“Children” – refers to a person below eighteen (18) years of age or those over but are unable to fully take care of themselves or protect themselves from abuse, neglect, cruelty, exploitation or discrimination because of a physical or mental disability or condition; (Section 3[a], R.A. 7610, Special Protection of Children Against Abuse, Exploitation, and […]

Anti-Carnapping Act

“Body building” – refers to a job undertaken on a motor vehicle in order to replace its entire body with a new body. (Section 2[a], R.A. 10883, New Anti-Carnapping Act of 2016) “Defacing or tampering with a serial number” – refers to the altering, changing, erasing, replacing or scratching of the original factory inscribed serial […]

Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012

“Access” – refers to the instruction, communication with, storing data in, retrieving data from, or otherwise making use of any resources of a computer system or communication network. (Section 3[a], R.A. No. 10175, Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012) “Alteration” – refers to the modification or change, in form or substance, of an existing computer data […]

Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002

1. Crimes a. Sale, trading, administration, dispensation, delivery, distribution and transportation of dangerous drugs and/or controlled precursors and essential chemicals 1st Mode 1) Any person, who, unless authorized by law, shall sell, trade, administer, dispense, deliver, give away to another, distribute dispatch in transit or transport any dangerous drug, including any and all species of […]

Bouncing Checks Law

“Credit” – refers to an arrangement or understanding with the bank for the payment of such check. (Section 4, B.P. 22) 1. Crime a. Bouncing check 1st Mode (Insufficient funds) – Elements: 1) The making, drawing, and issuance of any check to apply for account or for value; 2) The knowledge of the maker, drawer, […]

Anti-Wire Tapping Act

1. Crimes a. Illegal wire-tapping It shall be unlawful for any person, not being authorized by all the parties to any private communication or spoken word, to tap any wire or cable, or by using any other device or arrangement, to secretly overhear, intercept, or record such communication or spoken word by using a device […]

Anti-Violence Against Women and Their Children Act of 2004

“Violence against women and their children” (VAWC) – refers to any act or a series of acts committed by any person against a woman who is his wife, former wife, or against a woman with whom the person has or had a sexual or dating relationship, or with whom he has a common child, or […]

Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003

“Trafficking in Persons” – refers to the recruitment, obtaining, hiring, providing, offering, transportation, transfer, maintaining, harboring, or receipt of persons with or without the victim’s consent or knowledge, within or across national borders by means of threat, or use of force, or other forms of coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power or of position, […]

Anti-Torture Act of 2009

“Torture” – refers to an act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person for such purposes as obtaining from him/her or a third person information or a confession; punishing him/her for an act he/she or a third person has committed or is suspected of having committed; […]