Freedom from improper consideration & external influences, C1S3 CPRA
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Freedom from improper consideration & external influences, C1S3 CPRA

Section 3, Canon I SECTION 3. Freedom from improper considerations and external influences. – A lawyer shall not, in advocating a client’s cause, be influenced by dishonest or immoral considerations, external influences, or pressure. (2023 Code of Professional Responsibility and Accountability or CPRA) Consideration – means “the inducement to a contract or other legal transaction.”…

Merit-based practice, C1S2 CPRA
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Merit-based practice, C1S2 CPRA

Section 2, Canon I SECTION 2. Merit-based practice. – A lawyer shall rely solely on the merits of a cause and not exert, or give the appearance of, any influence on, nor undermine the authority of, the court, tribunal or other government agency, or its proceedings. (2023 Code of Professional Responsibility and Accountability or CPRA)…

Independent, accessible, efficient, & effective legal practice, C1S1 CPRA
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Independent, accessible, efficient, & effective legal practice, C1S1 CPRA

Section 1, Canon I SECTION 1. Independent, accessible, efficient, and effective legal service. – A lawyer shall make legal services accessible in an efficient and effective manner. In performing this duty, a lawyer shall maintain independence, act with integrity, and at all times ensure the efficient and effective delivery of justice. (2023 Code of Professional…

Lawyer’s Oath

Lawyer’s Oath

I, (name), do solemnly swear (affirm) that I accept the honor, privilege, duty, and responsibility of practicing law in the Philippines as an Officer of the Court in the interest of our people. I declare fealty to the Constitution of the Republic of Philippines. In doing so, I shall work towards promoting the rule of…

Doctrine of non-interference/judicial stability

Doctrine of non-interference/judicial stability

1. IN GENERAL The doctrine of judicial stability or non-interference in the regular orders or judgments of a co-equal court is an elementary principle in the administration of justice: no court can interfere by injunction with the judgments or orders of another court of concurrent jurisdiction having the power to grant the relief sought by…

Principle of judicial hierarchy

Principle of judicial hierarchy

1. CONCEPT Save for the single specific instance provided by the Constitution under Section 18, Article VII, cases the resolution of which depends on the determination of questions of fact cannot be brought directly before the [the Supreme Court] because we are not a trier of facts. [The Supreme Court is] not equipped, either by…

Rule-making power of the Supreme Court

Rule-making power of the Supreme Court

1. CONCEPT a. 1987 Constitution SECTION 5. The Supreme Court shall have the following powers:x x x(5) Promulgate rules concerning the protection and enforcement of constitutional rights, pleading, practice, and procedure in all courts, the admission to the practice of law, the Integrated Bar, and legal assistance to the underprivileged. Such rules shall provide a…

Substantive Law v. Remedial Law

Substantive Law v. Remedial Law

1. SUBSTANTIVE LAW The Supreme Court’s sole prerogative to issue, amend, or repeal procedural rules is limited to the preservation of substantive rights, i.e., the former should not diminish, increase or modify the latter. (Estipona, Jr. v. Lobrigo, G.R. No. 226679. 15 August 2017) Substantive law is that part of the law which creates, defines…